Rapid response to the COVID-19 crisis using digital fabrication in Malawi

Mayamiko Nkoloma, Managing Director, iMoSyS Covid

COVID-19 poses a serious threat to the health care system in Malawi. An unprecedented demand for medical supplies, coupled with global supply chain disruption, has resulted in a widespread shortage of Protective Personal Equipment (PPE). In Malawi, severe shortages of PPE, including face masks and face shields, have led to protests by health workers.

In other parts of the world, the failure of traditional industry to meet the demand for critical items has given rise to small-scale, localised production of PPE using digital fabrication (i.e. 3D printing, laser cutting, CNC milling). These initiatives leverage Open Source Hardware (OSH), where designs are made freely accessible so that anyone can use and modify them.

As of Friday, 15th May 2020, Malawi has 63 confirmed cases, with 36 active cases and 24 recovered cases.  This is a critical window of opportunity to tackle COVID-19 in Malawi. This project will develop digital fabrication capabilities in Malawi to support the production of urgently needed face masks and face shields. This is a stop-gap solution to locally produce PPE, at a time when these items cannot be imported in sufficient quantity or are subject to lengthy delays.

Our team was recently awarded the Cambridge-Africa ALBORADA Research Fund COVID-19 Emergency Award.  COVID-19 is a great opportunity to bring together innovators and scientists to develop local solutions and that is really what brought this team together. There’s a need to scale up the production of face masks and face shields and the challenge we are facing now is sourcing more 3D printing and laser cutting equipment to help us to achieve our goals.

The insights from this intervention will be relevant to other regions with limited manufacturing infrastructure, and will improve preparedness for future crises.

The Malawi team, PIs: Mayamiko Nkoloma (The Malawi Polytechnic, University of Malawi) & Prof Kamija Phiri (College of Medicine, University of Malawi) and  Co-I and team leader,  Dr Ndifanji Namacha (Ministry of Health and Population, Malawi).

 The other implementing partners involved in the project are, PIs: Lucia Corsini (Institute for ManufacturingDepartment of Engineering, Cambridge University, UK). CO-I:  Dr James Moultrie (Institute for ManufacturingDepartment of Engineering, Cambridge University, UK).

Collaborators: Dr Lara Allen (Centre for Global Equality, UK) and Sandile Mtetwa (Department of Chemistry, Cambridge University, UK)

About the Author

Mayamiko Nkoloma, Managing Director, iMoSyS

Mayamiko Nkoloma is a Lecturer in Telecommunications at the University of Malawi, the Polytechnic. He is a holder of an MSc in wireless communication from University of Sheffield in UK and also holds Master of Technology degree in advanced Information Technology with specialisation in Telecommunications and Networking from International Institute of Information and Technology (I²IT) in Pune, India. Additionally, he obtained a BSc in Electrical Engineering from the Malawi Polytechnic.

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